Children digging for discarded bits of coal, Łódź ghetto, ca. 1941. Photograph by Mendel Grossman. (YIVO)

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To treat the Nazi ghettoization of Jews during the Holocaust, this entry comprises three articles. Establishment of Ghettos surveys the types of ghettos created and reasons for their creation; Life in Ghettos treats the ways in which ghettoized Jews organized and conducted their daily lives; and Ghetto Police describes the role that Jews played in the enforcement of ghetto regulations. For further discussion, see Armed Resistance; Holocaust; Judenräte and Other Representative Bodies; Killing Centers; and Labor Camps.